WordPress

How to access WordPress Files – Security Boulevard

Summary

WordPress files and folders are the heart and soul of WordPress. Here you’ll find everything from the core code of WordPress to plugin and theme files, media, and everything in between. While you might need to access these files on a daily basis, knowing how to access and navigate the file hierarchy can come in handy when troubleshooting or carrying out WordPress security and hardening procedures.

There are several ways through which we can access WordPress files. The most common, h…….

WordPress files and folders are the heart and soul of WordPress. Here you’ll find everything from the core code of WordPress to plugin and theme files, media, and everything in between. While you might need to access these files on a daily basis, knowing how to access and navigate the file hierarchy can come in handy when troubleshooting or carrying out WordPress security and hardening procedures.

There are several ways through which we can access WordPress files. The most common, however, is FTP, or rather one of its more secure siblings – FTPS or SFTP.

What is FTP?

FTP is a protocol for transferring files over a network. It was first introduced in April 1971, making it over 50 years old. While 50 years is a timespan that in IT borders infinity, FTP has not only withstood the test of time but continues to be one of the most used ways to transfer WordPress files.

How FTP works

FTP is used to transfer files between two hosts – the local host and the remote host. The local host is referred to as the client, while the remote host is the server. An FTP connection is established through an IP or DNS name and a username and password. It’s worth noting that there are some exceptions to this rule, which we will discuss shortly.

Am FTP connection consists of two channels. The first channel is called the command channel and is used to send and receive commands, while the second channel is called the data channel and is used for data transmission. As an FTP user uploading files, you will not see these two separate channels and, as such, do not have to worry about it. Nevertheless, it is interesting to know.

FTP vs SFTP

FTP is great, but it lacks security. As we said earlier, you do need a username and password to connect to FTP; however, the credentials and the data transfers are sent in clear text with no encryption at all. As mentioned earlier, some FTP connections do not even require a username and password to connect to. These are known as anonymous FTP.

FTP’s security woes are addressed through SFTP, which uses SSH, and FTPS, which uses SSL/TLS encryption. Out of all 3, SFTP is the most secure and commonly used.

How to setup FTP

If your website is hosted with a WordPress web hosting provider, you’re more than likely to have access to FTP. Most service providers use SFTP, although in some cases, you’ll also find hosting providers that offer FTPS. Whichever version of FTP your service provider uses, the process to connect and transfer files will be largely the same. It is highly unlikely that your hosting provider will use FTP or anonymous FTP.

To get started with FTP, you will first need to find your login details. These should include the IP or URI, username, …….

Source: https://securityboulevard.com/2021/11/how-to-access-wordpress-files/